Verbs1 3


Non-conjugated Intransitive verbs

  • All verbs have non-conjugated form, meaning they do are not conjugated, but are used with a helper verb (Izan or Ukan).
  • Some verbs are also conjugated, change the form with tense and subject, and will be studied later.
  • Intransitive Verbs are verbs that do not take an object, meaning can’t answer “what”) use IZAN as an auxilary verb
  • Ex:You can say “What did he do?, but not “What did he go? So “go” is intransitive and uses IZAN.

Present habitual

  • The present habitual is normally used to discuss actions that are done routinely.
  • It is formed with the present participle stem + present of “to be” (IZAN)
  • For the present participle stem , normally the last letter is removed and -ten added (iristi → iristen.
  • If the word ends in -ti, it is removed and -ten added ()
  • If it ends in -tu or -du, they are removed and -tzen is added. (sortu → sortzen)
  • Ni iristen naiz. I arrive.
  • Every day" is "egunero", the "-ero" suffix can be added to a lot of words to mean "every".
  • at an hour uses insessive plural – at six is "seietan"

Lesson 3 Vocabulary

  • egunero every day
  • gauero every night
  • hilero every month
  • urtero every year
  • egoten stay/be at a location
  • erortzen fall
  • eserten sit
  • esnatzen wake up
  • ibiltzen walk
  • iristen arrive

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