Non-conjugated Intransitive verbs
- All verbs have non-conjugated form, meaning they do are not conjugated, but are used with a helper verb (Izan or Ukan).
- Some verbs are also conjugated, change the form with tense and subject, and will be studied later.
- Intransitive Verbs are verbs that do not take an object, meaning can’t answer “what”) use IZAN as an auxilary verb
- Ex:You can say “What did he do?, but not “What did he go? So “go” is intransitive and uses IZAN.
- The present habitual is normally used to discuss actions that are done routinely.
- It is formed with the present participle stem + present of “to be” (IZAN)
- For the present participle stem , normally the last letter is removed and -ten added (iristi → iristen.
- If the word ends in -ti, it is removed and -ten added ()
- If it ends in -tu or -du, they are removed and -tzen is added. (sortu → sortzen)
- Ni iristen naiz. I arrive.
- Every day" is "egunero", the "-ero" suffix can be added to a lot of words to mean "every".
- at an hour uses insessive plural – at six is "seietan"
Lesson 3 Vocabulary
- egunero every day
- gauero every night
- hilero every month
- urtero every year
- egoten stay/be at a location
- erortzen fall
- eserten sit
- esnatzen wake up
- ibiltzen walk
- iristen arrive
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