Nongo 1

19. Nongo (Where are you from?)

Nongo Case - Proper names

  • Basque uses the nongo case to express relationships of place, time, destination and others. The exact meaning needs to be determined from context.

  • The nongo case is only used with inanimate objects.

  • For ownership by animate nouns, the genitive case is used: Mikelen liburua. Mikel’s book.

  • When using a noun in the NONGO case to show where someone is from, “ex: I am from America.”

  • an -a or -ak, must be added as described above for the NOR case, since it is the last/only item in the phrase.

  • Ni Amerikakoa naiz. I am an American.

  • When used for ownership, it doesn’t take a suffix. Iruneko bidea. The Irun road.

  • To form the nongo case for proper nouns-ko/go is added to the end

    • DonostiKO
    • IrunGO
  • Note that the -ko ending changes to -go after voiced consonants, except r (b,d,g,j,l,m,n,ng,sz,th,v,w,y,z)

Vocabulary 1

  • Alemaniako: from Germany
  • Espainiako: from Spain
  • Gasteizeko: from Victoria
  • Irungo: from Irun
  • Donostiako: from San Sebastian
  • bide: road
  • nongoa: of/from which place?

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