​Questions 1

Yes/No Questions:

  • The easiest way to make a question is to change the tone to a rising one.
  • Miren zara zu? Are you Miren?

"al" question word

  • Alternatively, you can be a bit more polite/formal and add "al" and ask "Miren al zara zu?"
  • Note that the "al" is before the conjugated verb.
  • You also need to keep in mind that Basque sentences have the most important pronoun or noun before the verb.
  • So "Zu irakaslea (al) zara?" ("al" optional) means "Are you a teacher?" with irakaslea/teacher stressed.
  • In other words, I thought you were the janitor. :-)
  • "Zu al zara irakaslea?" would be "Are you THE teacher?" with "zu" stressed or I thought the guy in a tie by the desk was the teacher. :-)

Interrogative questions

Interrogative questions (as opposed to yes/no questions) use question words, such as:

  • Zer (what) and nor/nortzunk (who(single/plural)), and take the form of Question word * verb * subject.
  • Nor zara zu? Who are you?
  • Zer zara zu? What are you?

Questions words

The question words specify what kind of question is being asked and include:

  • Noiz (when)
  • Nola (how)
  • Non (where)
  • Nondik (from where)
  • Nongoa (of which place)
  • Nor (who)
  • Zein (which)
  • Zenbat (how many)
  • Zer (what)
  • Zergatik (why). Some of these words also serve as the names of the noun cases.

Vocabulary Questions 1

  • Zer: what
  • Nor: Who
  • Nortzuk: Who(plural)
  • Autobus: Bus
  • Kotxe: Car
  • Autobusak: Buses
  • Kotxeak: Cars
  • Al: Yes/no question word
  • Edo: Or

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