Verbal Nouns 1

43. Verbal Nouns 1

Verbal nouns & NORA case

  • When we want to talk about how we like or dislike doing something or being someplace, or that we are going to do something or be someplace,
  • we often use a verbal noun—a noun made from the verb.
  • In English, the verbal noun can either be like the present participle (writing), or use the word “to” with the simple form of the verb (to write).
  • In Basque, the verbal noun is made the same way as the present participle, with the final -n removed.
  • Ni inoiz ez hemen itxaoten naiz. I never wait here.(itxaoten/wait is a present participle)
  • Niri ez zait gustatzen itxaote. I don’t like to wait/waiting. Waiting is not pleasing to me. (itxaote/to wait/waiting is a verbal noun)
  • Note that a verbal noun is different from the present continuous case, even if both have -ing.
  • So “I am running.” “Ni korrika ari naiz” is present continuous and was covered earlier in 41 Ari Izan.

Verbal Nouns 1

  • abeste: to sing
  • egote: to be (location)
  • erortze: to fall
  • eserte: to sit
  • esnatze: to wake up
  • ibiltze: to walk
  • iriste: to arrive
  • irte: to depart
  • itxaote: to wait

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