Verbal Nouns 4

43. Verbal Nouns 4

Joan & Nora form of verbs

  • In addition to just using Joan to show movement, ("Mendira noa" I am going to the mountain.)
  • Joan can be used to show movement to a place in order to do an action,
  • as in "Madrilera noa gure amona ikustera" (I am going to Madrid to see our grandmother.),
  • where the second verb,”ikusi”(to see) is in the NORA case.
  • This form is made by taking present tense from (-t(z)en), discussed in Non-conjugated, Intransitive verbs,
  • and removing the “-n”, to make it a verbal noun, and changing it into the NORA case by adding “-ra” as discussed in unit 16 “To go”.

To see

  • Dictionary form: ikusi
  • Present participle: ikusten
  • Verbal noun: ikuste
  • Nora form: ikustera

To learn

  • Dictionary form: ikasi
  • Present participle: ikasten
  • Verbal noun: ikaste
  • Nora form: ikastera

To buy

  • Dictionary form: erosi
  • Present participle: erosten
  • Verbal noun: eroste
  • Nora form: erostea

To think

  • Dictionary form: jakin
  • Present participle: jakiten
  • Verbal noun: jakite
  • Nora form: jakitera

Verbal Nouns 4

  • ikastera: to learn
  • ikustera: to see
  • erostea: to buy
  • ogi: bread
  • laguntzera: to help
  • hiltzera: to kill
  • jolastera: to play
  • irakastera: to teach
  • ixtera: to close

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