Verbs1 1


Non-conjugated Intransitive verbs

  • All verbs have non-conjugated form, meaning they do are not conjugated, but are used with a helper verb (Izan or Ukan).
  • Some verbs are also conjugated, change the form with tense and subject, and will be studied later.
  • Intransitive Verbs are verbs that do not take an object, meaning can’t answer “what”) use IZAN as an auxilary verb
  • Ex:You can say “What did he do?, but not “What did he go? So “go” is intransitive and uses IZAN.

Remote Past

  • The remote past is used for any time period prior to the day of speaking.
  • It is formed with Perfect Stem + past of “to be” (IZAN)
  • The perfect stem(past) is the dictionary form.
  • Ni atzi iristi nintzen. I arrived yesterday.

Lesson 1 Vocabulary

  • egon stayed/was at a location
  • erori fell
  • eseri sat
  • esnatu woke up
  • ibili walked (non directional)
  • iritsi arrived
  • atzo yesterday
  • berandu late
  • urte year

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