Verbs1 4


Non-conjugated Intransitive verbs

  • All verbs have non-conjugated form, meaning they do are not conjugated, but are used with a helper verb (Izan or Ukan).
  • Some verbs are also conjugated, change the form with tense and subject, and will be studied later.
  • Intransitive Verbs are verbs that do not take an object, meaning can’t answer “what”) use IZAN as an auxilary verb
  • Ex:You can say “What did he do?, but not “What did he go? So “go” is intransitive and uses IZAN.


  • future participle stem + Present of “to be” (IZAN)
  • Ni bihar iritsiko naiz
  • I will arrive tomorrow.
  • It can also translated as the modal shall or will (shall we something?)
  • The future participle stem of non-conjugated verbs adds -ko (or -go if the word ends in -n) to the dictionary form.
  • Thus iritsi (to arrive) becomes iritsiko.

Lesson 4 Vocabulary

  • egongo will stay/ be (location)
  • eroriko will fall
  • eseriko will sit
  • esnatuko will wake up
  • ibiliko will walk
  • iritsiko will arrive
  • bihar tomorrow

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